Dr Bassem El Rai has received his Ph.D. from The University of Münster, Germany. He is currently a lecturer at the Lebanese University, Saint Joseph University, and The Holy Spirit University of Kaslik. His research interests include political philosophy, the philosophy of religion, and hermeneutics. He has presented several papers at international conferences and seminars, particularly on the relation between religion and society. He has various academic publications including The 1943 Pact, The State Society in Contemporary Debate, and At the Frontiers of Knowledge: An Introduction to Philosophy (translated from German), among others. He is active in social debates concerning civil society and peaceful coexistence in diverse societies.