Medicine & Bioethics Archives – CILE - Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics
Medicine & Bioethics

Medicine & Bioethics

Modern biomedical advancements continue to have enormous impact on grasping basic concepts in our lives like health and sickness, life and death and even how we understand the very notion of humanness. These advancements, along with their ethical implications, managed now to spread all over the globe and Muslims living either in Muslim-majority counties or somewhere else represent no exception in this regard. Contemporary academic researchers have demonstrated that the mode of receiving, and interacting with, this modern biomedical technology is dependent on the so-called people’s “local moral worlds”; hybrid religio-ethical, cultural and socio-political concepts and values. As far as the Islamic tradition is concerned, coping with the ethical challenges posed by the breath-taking modern biomedical advancements was a daunting task for various reasons and interrelated factors. Since the 1980s, pioneer work has been done by religious scholars and biomedical scientists especially on the collective level (e.g. Fiqh Academies) to address the ethical questions raised by modern biomedical technologies such as organ transplantation, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), cloning and stem-cell research. CILE will conduct analytical and critical academic research on the vast and  rich pre-modern and contemporary normative discussions within the Islamic tradition. Additionally, CILE will facilitate in-depth discussions and deliberations on new issues by raising and addressing critical questions not only challenging for the Islamic tradition but also for the field of bioethics in general, e.g. how the concept of “human being” should be approached in the age of this dramatic scientific progress which transformed many of what we always thought to be unthinkable into routine practices in our daily lives.



Dr. Mohammed Ghaly

Professor of Islam and Biomedical Ethics, Academic Director

Mohammed Ghaly is currently professor of Islam and Biomedical Ethics, Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics (CILE) at Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar. In 1999, he did Islamic Studies in English at al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt and got his bachelor degree with Cum laude. In 2002, he got his M.A. degree in Islamic studies also with cum laude from Leiden University, the Netherlands and in 2008 he got his PhD degree from the same university. During the period 2008-2013, Ghaly was faculty member at Leiden University with main focus on Islamic Law and Ethics. Since 2011, Ghaly is faculty member of the Erasmus Mundus Program; the European Master of bioethics jointly organized by a number of European universities. In 2012, Ghaly was awarded the prestigious VENI grant (2012-2016) from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) to do research on “Islam and Biomedical Ethics”. During his academic career, Ghaly developed a wide range of research interests and academic publications within the field of Islamic studies including Islamic theology, Islamic law and (biomedical) ethics. Besides his book Islam and Disability: Perspectives in Theology and Jurisprudence (Routledge: 2010), Ghaly published in reputable journals in the fields of both Islamic studies and bioethics including Islamic Law and Society – Journal of Religion, Disability and HealthZygon: Journal of Religion and Science and Bioethics. Ghaly is the guest-editor of the two thematic issues on “Islam and bioethics” published respectively by Zygon(September 2013) and Bioethics (February 2014). Watch Dr Ghaly’s Podcast videos here.

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Induced Abortion: Criminal or Just Elective? With Emphasis on Islamic Perspective

Dr Mohamed Ali Albar | 24/03/2015

Dr Mohamed Ali Albar DM, FRCP (London) Director Medical Ethics Center...


Priority Setting in Islamic Bioethics: Top 10 Bioethical Challenges in Islamic Countries

Dr Alireza Bagheri | 01/03/2015

The ethical dilemmas raised by new advances in science and...


First baby born by womb transplantation: “it is a sisterhood thing”

Dr Amel Alghrani | 15/10/2014

First baby born by womb transplantation: "it is a sisterhood...

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The Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics Concludes Islam and Biomedical Ethics’ Seminar In Doha

CILE | 04/05/2014

The Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE), member of Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, member of Hamad Bin Khalifa University, has concluded a...


CILE to host Public Lecture on Organ Donation

CILE | 23/02/2014

The Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE), a member of Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies (QFIS), will host a scientific lecture on ‘Organ...


Press Release: CILE Bioethics Seminar

CILE | 07/01/2013

High-Profile ‘Principles of Bioethics’ Seminar concludes in Doha

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New CILE Publication: Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics

CILE | 09/08/2016

New CILE Publication* During the period 5-7 January 2013, the...


#CILE2016: All videos of CILE 4th Annual International Conference

CILE | 30/06/2016

  #CILE2016 Watch the video teaser and the livestream 2-3...


Call for Research Papers Islamic Ethics and the Genome Question April 03-05, 2017

CILE | 27/06/2016

The Doha-based Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE)...


02/2015 Healthcare and Ethics: Genomics

As part of its 2015 summit held in Doha, Qatar during the period 17-18 February 2015, CILE and WISH jointly organized a panel on "Healthcare and Ethics: Genomics" on 17 February 2015, 14:00-15:30. This was the second consecutive panel under the broad title "Healthcare and Ethics" jointly organized by WISH and CILE. The panel of last year focused on end of life issues, especially palliative care. The panel of this year addressed another key-issue in bioethics, namely genomics, which is also a hot topic now in the Gulf region and particularly in Qatar.


10/2015 Family in the Age of Science: Ethical Challenges between Islam and Medicine

The panel addresses a number of the core ethical questions and challenges that the institution of the family will have to face, both today and in the near future. Besides religion and culture that have usually played the key-role in this field, biomedical sciences started in the last decades to formulate their own perspectives on the same questions and challenges. The panelists will discuss how people can strike a balance between what is "practically possible" from a biomedical perspective, and what is "mandatory" from an Islamic religious and ethical perspective?

The 3 main panelists are:

- Dr Tariq Ramadan: Executive Director of the research Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics (CILE), Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies and Professor of Islamic Studies at Oxford University, UK.

- Dr Mohammed Ghaly: Professor of Islam and Biomedical Ethics, research Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics (CILE), Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies.

- Dr Ayman Shabana: Associate Research Professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service in Qatar.

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